Social Sciences

Careers in Criminal Justice

  • Job opportunities in most local police departments will be favorable for qualified individuals, whereas competition is expected for jobs in State and Federal agencies.
  • Employment of police and detectives is expected to grow 10 percent over the 2008–18 decade, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Population growth is the main source of demand for police services. Overall opportunities in local police departments will be favorable for individuals who meet the psychological, personal, and physical qualifications. In addition to openings from employment growth, many openings will be created by the need to replace workers who retire and those who leave local agencies for Federal jobs and private-sector security jobs.

Careers in Economics

  • Economists are found in banking, government, finance, investments, research, and teaching, as well as in business, labor, law, and the private non-profit sector. The Economics major is excellent preparation for direct career entry or for graduate work in Economics, Business, Law, Public Administration, and International Affairs. Economics is a good academic preparation for those planning careers in financial planning, investments, and banking.
  • The demand for workers who have knowledge of economics is projected to grow faster, but these workers will commonly find employment in fields outside of economics, such as business, finance, or insurance. Many workers with economic backgrounds will work in related fields with more specific job titles, such as financial analyst, market analyst, public policy consultant, researcher or research assistant, purchasing manager, or a variety of positions in business and the insurance industry.

Careers in Psychology

  • Psychology is a science concerned with mind and behavior. Psychologists are interested in explaining how and why we think, act, and feel. Psychology is a very diverse discipline that can prepare students for numerous different career paths. Some specialties, like caring for people in psychological distress, are well known. Other specialties, like helping design work stations to reduce stress in the workplace or studying how we perceive things, are less well known. Psychologists not only have a wide variety of specialties; they also contribute to the field in different ways. Some psychologists are researchers and generate scientific knowledge to understand thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Others are practitioners and apply the knowledge to help solve human problems.
  • Opportunities directly related to psychology may find jobs as assistants in rehabilitation centers or in other jobs involving data collection and analysis. Those who meet State certification requirements may become high school psychology teachers.

Careers in Political Science and Sociology

  • Prepares students in more than a general way for successful work in such fields as government service, international affairs, graduate study, journalism, law, teaching, and business.
  • Overall employment of sociologists and political scientists is expected to grow 21 percent from 2008 to 2018, much faster than the average for all occupations. Sociologists will experience much faster than average job growth because the incorporation of sociology into research in other fields continues to increase.
  • Sociologists possess broad training and education in analytical, methodological, conceptual, and quantitative and qualitative analysis and research, so their skills can be applied to many different occupations. As a result, many workers with sociology backgrounds will find work in niche areas with specialized titles, such as market analyst, research assistant, writer, and policy analyst.